Preposition, Kata depan dalam Bahasa Inggris

Preposition dalam bahasa Indonesia disebut juga sebagai kata depan. Preposition atau kata depan dalam bahasa Inggris adalah kata yang ditempatkan sebelum kata benda atau kata ganti untuk menunjukkan hubungan dengan bagian-bagian kalimat yang lain. Atau dapat dikatakan sebagai kata yang menghubungkan kata benda (noun) atau kata ganti (pronoun) dengan kata-kata yang lain dalam sebuah kalimat.

Pengertian Preposition (Kata Depan)

Preposisi adalah kata-kata abstrak yang tidak memiliki makna konkret. Preposition hanya menunjukkan hubungan antara kelompok kata-kata. Prepositions menghubungkan kata-kata. Sebuah preposisi menunjukkan hubungan antara dua kata dalam kalimat. Tidak seperti kata benda, kata kerja dan modifiers (pengubah), yang dapat berubah bentuk sesuai dengan
makna dan digunakan dalam kalimat mereka, prepositions tidak pernah berubah bentuk.

"Preposition" (pre+position) biasanya datang sebelum kata lain, biasanya kata benda atau nomina frase:
• kata benda (noun)
• kata ganti (pronoun)
• noun phrase (frase nomina)
• gerund (verb dalam bentuk -ing)

Contoh kalimat yang menggunakan preposition (kata depan):
What do you think about Rina?
We are flying above the clouds.
There is a bridge across the river.
Let’s meet the day after tomorrow.
We walked along the beach for two miles.
He was born around 1989.
Anton is at library.
We have a garden behind our house.
You can buy it if it’s below Rp 5000.000.
We must finish by Friday.
dan masih banyak lagi contoh lainnya.

Di bawah ini adalah daftar kata depan (prepositions) dari A sampai Z yang umum digunakan:

aboard, about, above, across, after, against, ahead of, along, amid,

amidst, among, around, as, as far as, as of, aside from, at, athwart, atop
barring, because of, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides,

between, beyond, but, by, by means of
circa, concerning
despite, down, during
except, except for, excluding
far from, following, for, from
in, in accordance with, in addition to, in case of, in front of, in lieu of,

in place of, in spite of, including, inside, instead of, into
near, next to, notwithstanding
of, off, on, on account of, on behalf of, on top of, onto, opposite, out,

out of, outside, over
past, plus, prior to
regarding, regardless of
save, since
than, through, till, to, toward, towards
under, underneath, unlike, until, up, upon
versus, via
with, with regard to, within, without

Prepositions of Time

Kata Depan Penggunaan Preposition Contoh
  • on
  • days of the week
  • on Monday
  • in
  • months / seasons
  • time of day
  • year
  • after a certain period of time (when?)
  • in August / in winter
  • in the morning
  • in 2006
  • in an hour
  • at
  • for night
  • for weekend
  • a certain point of time (when?)
  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at half past nine
  • since
  • from a certain point of time (past till now)
  • since 1980
  • for
  • over a certain period of time (past till now)
  • for 2 years
  • ago
  • a certain time in the past
  • 2 years ago
  • before
  • earlier than a certain point of time
  • before 2004
  • to
  • telling the time
  • ten to six (5:50)
  • past
  • telling the time
  • ten past six (6:10)
  • to / till / until
  • marking the beginning and end of a period of time
  • from Monday to/till Friday
  • till / until
  • in the sense of how long something is going to last
  • He is on holiday until Friday.
  • by
  • in the sense of at the latest
  • up to a certain time
  • I will be back by 6 o’clock.
  • By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.

Prepositions of Place (Position and Direction)

Kata Depan Penggunaan Preposition Contoh
  • in
  • room, building, street, town, country
  • book, paper etc.
  • car, taxi
  • picture, world
  • in the kitchen, in London
  • in the book
  • in the car, in a taxi
  • in the picture, in the world
  • at
  • meaning next to, by an object
  • for table
  • for events
  • place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
  • at the door, at the station
  • at the table
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work
  • on
  • attached
  • for a place with a river
  • being on a surface
  • for a certain side (left, right)
  • for a floor in a house
  • for public transport
  • for television, radio
  • the picture on the wall
  • London lies on the Thames.
  • on the table
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the bus, on a plane
  • on TV, on the radio
  • by, next to, beside
  • left or right of somebody or something
  • Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
  • under
  • on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else
  • the bag is under the table
  • below
  • lower than something else but above ground
  • the fish are below the surface
  • over
  • covered by something else
  • meaning more than
  • getting to the other side (also across)
  • overcoming an obstacle
  • put a jacket over your shirt
  • over 16 years of age
  • walk over the bridge
  • climb over the wall
  • above
  • higher than something else, but not directly over it
  • a path above the lake
  • across
  • getting to the other side (also over)
  • getting to the other side
  • walk across the bridge
  • swim across the lake
  • through
  • something with limits on top, bottom and the sides
  • drive through the tunnel
  • to
  • movement to person or building
  • movement to a place or country
  • for bed
  • go to the cinema
  • go to London / Ireland
  • go to bed
  • into
  • enter a room / a building
  • go into the kitchen / the house
  • towards
  • movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)
  • go 5 steps towards the house
  • onto
  • movement to the top of something
  • jump onto the table
  • from
  • in the sense of where from
  • a flower from the garden

Other important Prepositions

Kata Depan Penggunaan Preposition Contoh
  • from
  • who gave it
  • a present from Jane
  • of
  • who/what does it belong to
  • what does it show
  • a page of the book
  • the picture of a palace
  • by
  • who made it
  • a book by Mark Twain
  • on
  • walking or riding on horseback
  • entering a public transport vehicle
  • on foot, on horseback
  • get on the bus
  • in
  • entering a car  / Taxi
  • get in the car
  • off
  • leaving a public transport vehicle
  • get off the train
  • out of
  • leaving a car  / Taxi
  • get out of the taxi
  • by
  • rise or fall of something
  • travelling (other than walking or horseriding)
  • prices have risen by 10 percent
  • by car, by bus
  • at
  • for age
  • she learned Russian at 45
  • about
  • for topics, meaning what about
  • we were talking about you
Selanjutnya contoh soal dan jawaban: Latihan Soal Prepositions dan Jawaban.

WARNING: Copy Paste sebagian kalimat ataupun artikel utuh dari situs ini harus mencantumkan sumber dari situs ini. Lebih jelasnya Klik Disini
© Copyright 2022 ensiklopedia1.COM - All Rights Reserved - Created By BLAGIOKE & Best free blogger templates